Professor of Law
Room 6112, Law School
PhD (History), Princeton University (2006)
BCL (Law), Oxford University (1999)
BA (Law), Cambridge University (1998)
BA (History), McGill University (1996)
Mitra Sharafi is a legal historian of modern South Asia. She holds law degrees from Cambridge and Oxford (the UK equivalent of a JD and LLM) and a doctorate in history from Princeton. She has taught at the UW Law School and Legal Studies program since 2007. She is also affiliated with History and the Center for South Asia at UW-Madison.
Sharafi's first book, Law and Identity in Colonial South Asia: Parsi Legal Culture, 1772-1947 (winner of the Law and Society Association's 2015 Hurst Prize) explores the legal culture of the Parsis or Zoroastrians of British India, an ethno-religious minority community that was unusually invested in colonial law. She is now working on her second book project, "Fear of the False: Forensic Science in Colonial India." This project examines colonial anxieties about planted evidence, dissimulation, truth, and justice in a colonial criminal context. Sharafi has published two articles from this research, namely one on bloodstain testing (winner of the LSA 2020 Article Prize) and another on abortion in colonial India. Her next major project will examine the world of non-European law students from across the British empire (and world) who came to London's Inns of Court to become barristers, 1860s-1960s.
Sharafi's research has been funded by the American Council of Learned Societies, Institute for Advanced Study, Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, National Endowment for the Humanities, National Science Foundation, and Social Science Research Council. Most recently, she has been a recipient of an ACLS Frederick Burkhardt Residential Fellowship ’18 (National Humanities Center, 2020-1), a Davis Center Fellowship (Princeton History Dept., fall 2018), and an H. I. Romnes Faculty Fellowship (UW-Madison, 2018-24).
Her research interests include South Asian legal history; the history of criminal law and forensic science; the history of legal education and the legal profession; colonialism and empire; the history of contract law; law and society; law and religion; law and minorities; legal consciousness; legal pluralism; the history of law books; and the history of science and medicine.
At the UW Law School, Sharafi teaches Contracts I to first-year law students. For undergraduates, she has taught four Legal Studies courses (cross-listed with History): Legal Pluralism, Lawyers & Judges in the British Empire, Law and Colonialism, and History of Forensic Science. In 2021, she was the recipient of the Chancellor's Distinguished Teaching Award.
Mitra Sharafi is an active member of the American Society for Legal History (ASLH) and the Law and Society Association (LSA), and has been on the board of both. Since 2005, she has run the LSA’s South Asia Collaborative Research Network (CRN 22). In 2016-21, she was a core blogger for the Legal History Blog. She has also been faculty director of the J. Willard Hurst Summer Institute in Legal History.
Scholarship & Publications
Mitra Sharafi presented "Planted Poison and Wrongful Convictions in Colonial South Asia" during New York University's Center for Global Asia South Asia Series on April 6, 2022. Watch the presentation.
Mitra Sharafi recently published "Abortion in South Asia, 1860-1947: A medico-legal history" in Modern Asian Studies, vol. 55, issue 2, pp.371-428. The piece is a spin-off from her larger "Fear of the False: Forensic Science in Colonial South Asia" book project. Read the article.
Mitra Sharafi presented "Planted Poison and Wrongful Convictions" at the Global Forensic Histories Workshop on March 19, 2021. The event was co-sponsored by UW Law School's Institute for Legal Studies, UC Hastings College of Law, and the American Society for Legal History.
Mitra Sharafi presented "Planted Poison," as part of the National Humanities Center's fellows' lecture series. Sharafi's talk was on a chapter from her book project, "Fear of the False: Forensic Science in Colonial India." During 2020-21, she is working on the book manuscript as an American Council of Learned Society Burkhardt Fellow (virtual) at the National Humanities Center.
Mitra Sharafi presented "Interdisciplinary Studies and Forensics: Why History Matters" at the 1st International Symposium on Crime Studies in October. The symposium was hosted by the Center for Criminology & Forensic Studies and the Jindal Institute of Behavioural Sciences, O. P. Jindal Global University in Delhi, India. Watch the presentation on YouTube.
Mitra Sharafi presented "Imperial Truth Mechanics: Law and Forensic Science in Colonial India" for "Empires of Law in Colonial South Asia," an event hosted by the Rutgers British Studies Center. Along with the pre-recorded presentation, the event included a live Q&A with Sharafi and Tanya Agathocleous, CUNY/Hunter College.
Mitra Sharafi's article, "Abortion in South Asia, 1860-1947: A medico-legal history," was published in Modern Asian Studies in May 2020.
Mitra Sharafi presented "South Asians and West Africans at the Inns of Court: Empire and Expulsion circa 1900" at two recent events: the Notre Dame Law School Faculty Colloquium in November 2019, and the The Victoria Colloquium at University of Victoria in British Columbia in January 2020.
Heinz Klug is chairing the search-and-screen committee to find a new UW Law dean. Other committee members include: Michelle Behnke, Roman Gierok, Erica Halverson, Alexandra Huneeus, Richard Monette, Yaron Nili, Kim Peterson, Howard Schweber, Mitra Sharafi, Susannah Tahk, Janice Toliver, Kathryn VandenBosch, Steven Wright, and Jason Yackee.
Alexandra Huneeus, Mitra Sharafi and Nina Varsava were selected for honorary membership into the Order of the Coif, a scholastic society that encourages excellence in legal education. Sixteen recent UW Law graduates also received Order of the Coif honors for 2019.
Mitra Sharafi presented "South Asians and West Africans at the Inns of Court: Empire and Expulsion circa 1900" at the Georgetown Legal History Colloquium in September. The research comes from Sharafi's new book project, a global history of non-European students who came to London to study to become barristers between the mid-19th century and the mid-20th.
Mitra Sharafi's article, "The Imperial Serologist and Punitive Self-Harm: Bloodstains and Legal Pluralism in British India," was published in the book Global Forensic Cultures: Making Fact and Justice in the Modern Era in April.
In March, Mitra Sharafi gave a talk on her paper, "Truth, Adversarialism and Forensic Experts in the Indian Courtroom, 1879-1955," for Emory Law School's Spring 2019 Faculty Colloquium Series. The paper will become a chapter of her book project, "Fear of the False: Forensic Science in Colonial India."
Mitra Sharafi presented "Abortion in South Asia, 1860-1947: A Medico-Legal History" at Stanford Law School in February. The talk was co-sponsored by the Stanford Center for Law and History, the Department of History, and Center for South Asia.
News & Media
Friday, Sep 17, 2021Mitra Sharafi discusses anti-abortion laws and forensics in colonial India
Thursday, Jan 21, 2021Mitra Sharafi receives 2021 Distinguished Teaching Award
Monday, Aug 17, 2020Writing history from the courtrooms: A conversation with Mitra Sharafi
Tuesday, Apr 21, 2020Mitra Sharafi: Pandemic or poison? How epidemics shaped Southasia's legal history
Monday, Nov 18, 2019UW Law graduates, faculty receive Order of the Coif honors
Monday, Sep 30, 2019Law in Action: Faculty discuss UW Law's foundation and its future
Wednesday, Sep 4, 2019To anticipate the future of forensic science, Mitra Sharafi looks at the British Empire's past
Monday, Nov 12, 2018Mitra Sharafi reflects on the history of poison as a weapon
Sunday, Jul 8, 2018A Q&A with Mitra Sharafi
American Historical Association News
Monday, Feb 12, 2018A Q&A with Mitra Sharafi on her book 'Law and Identity in South Asia: Parsi Legal Culture, 1772-1947'
Thursday, Sep 28, 2017Mitra Sharafi examines history of gender bias in Parsi matrimonial law
The Times of India
Tuesday, Jul 5, 2016Mitra Sharafi: Early American settlers not the colonized, but the colonizers
Thursday, Sep 24, 2015Mitra Sharafi: Parsi matrimonial courts are India's only surviving jury trials
Wednesday, Apr 8, 2015Professors Sharafi and Leachman win Law and Society Association awards
Monday, May 19, 2014Professor Mitra Sharafi's new book examines one minority's turn to law