Mitra Sharafi

Professor of Law


PhD (History), Princeton University (2006)
BCL (Law), Oxford University (1999)
BA (Law), Cambridge University (1998)
BA (History), McGill University (1996)


Mitra Sharafi is a legal historian of modern South Asia. She holds law degrees from Cambridge and Oxford (the UK equivalent of a JD and LLM) and a doctorate in history from Princeton. She has taught at the University of Wisconsin-Madison since 2007.

Sharafi's first book, Law and Identity in Colonial South Asia: Parsi Legal Culture, 1772-1947 (Cambridge University Press, 2014) explores the legal culture of the Parsis or Zoroastrians of British India, an ethno-religious minority community that was unusually invested in colonial law. The book was awarded the Law and Society Association's J. Willard Hurst Prize for socio-legal history in 2015. Sharafi is now working on her second book project, "Fear of the False: Forensic Science in Colonial India." This project examines colonial anxieties about dissimulation, truth, and justice that were reflected in the work of experts like the Chemical Examiners, Imperial Serologist, Government Examiner of Questioned Documents, and Chief Inspector of Explosives.

Sharafi's research has been recognized and supported by the American Council of Learned Societies, Institute for Advanced Study, Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, National Endowment for the Humanities, National Science Foundation, and Social Science Research Council. She is an ACLS Frederick Burkhardt Residential Fellow ’18 (National Humanities Center, 2020-1), a Davis Center Fellow (Princeton History Dept., fall 2018), and an H. I. Romnes Faculty Fellow (UW-Madison, 2018-23).

Her research interests include South Asian legal history; the history of the legal profession; colonialism; the history of contract law; law and society; law and religion; law and minorities; legal consciousness; legal pluralism; the history of law books; and the history of science and medicine.

At the UW Law School, Sharafi teaches Contracts I to first-year law students. She is also part of UW's Legal Studies program, an interdisciplinary undergraduate major that combines law with the humanities and social sciences. Sharafi has taught four Legal Studies courses: Legal Pluralism, Lawyers & Judges in the British Empire, Law and Colonialism, and History of Forensic Science. She is affiliated with the UW History Department and Center for South Asia. She was conference chair of the 44th and 45th Annual Conference on South Asia (2015, 2016).

Mitra Sharafi is an active member of the American Society for Legal History (ASLH) and the Law and Society Association (LSA). Since 2005, she has run the LSA’s South Asia Collaborative Research Network (CRN 22). Sharafi is an LSA trustee (2019-21). She has served on the ASLH’s Board of Directors and nominating committee, and has been program committee co-chair and chair of the Peter Gonville Stein Book Award for non-US legal history. She has also been faculty director of the J. Willard Hurst Summer Institute in Legal History.

Mitra Sharafi is a regular contributor to the Legal History Blog. Since 2010, her South Asian Legal History Resources website has shared research guides and other tools for the historical study of law in South Asia. Follow her on Twitter @mjsharafi.

Scholarship & Publications


Law Repository


  • Mitra Sharafi presented "Planted Poison and Wrongful Convictions" at the Global Forensic Histories Workshop on March 19, 2021. The event was co-sponsored by UW Law School's Institute for Legal Studies, UC Hastings College of Law, and the American Society for Legal History. 

  • Mitra Sharafi presented "Planted Poison," as part of the National Humanities Center's fellows' lecture series. Sharafi's talk was on a chapter from her book project, "Fear of the False: Forensic Science in Colonial India." During 2020-21, she is working on the book manuscript as an American Council of Learned Society Burkhardt Fellow (virtual) at the National Humanities Center.

  • Mitra Sharafi presented "Interdisciplinary Studies and Forensics: Why History Matters" at the 1st International Symposium on Crime Studies in October. The symposium was hosted by the Center for Criminology & Forensic Studies and the Jindal Institute of Behavioural Sciences, O. P. Jindal Global University in Delhi, India. Watch the presentation on YouTube.

  • Mitra Sharafi presented "Imperial Truth Mechanics: Law and Forensic Science in Colonial India" for "Empires of Law in Colonial South Asia," an event hosted by the Rutgers British Studies Center. Along with the pre-recorded presentation, the event included a live Q&A with Sharafi and Tanya Agathocleous, CUNY/Hunter College.

  • Mitra Sharafi's article, "Abortion in South Asia, 1860-1947: A medico-legal history," was published in Modern Asian Studies in May 2020.

  • Mitra Sharafi presented "South Asians and West Africans at the Inns of Court: Empire and Expulsion circa 1900" at two recent events: the Notre Dame Law School Faculty Colloquium in November 2019, and the The Victoria Colloquium at University of Victoria in British Columbia in January 2020.

  • Heinz Klug is chairing the search-and-screen committee to find a new UW Law dean. Other committee members include: Michelle Behnke, Roman Gierok, Erica Halverson, Alexandra Huneeus, Richard Monette, Yaron Nili, Kim Peterson, Howard Schweber, Mitra Sharafi, Susannah Tahk, Janice Toliver, Kathryn VandenBosch, Steven Wright, and Jason Yackee.

  • Alexandra Huneeus, Mitra Sharafi and Nina Varsava were selected for honorary membership into the Order of the Coif, a scholastic society that encourages excellence in legal education. Sixteen recent UW Law graduates also received Order of the Coif honors for 2019.

  • Mitra Sharafi presented "South Asians and West Africans at the Inns of Court: Empire and Expulsion circa 1900" at the Georgetown Legal History Colloquium in September. The research comes from Sharafi's new book project, a global history of non-European students who came to London to study to become barristers between the mid-19th century and the mid-20th.

  • Mitra Sharafi's article, "The Imperial Serologist and Punitive Self-Harm: Bloodstains and Legal Pluralism in British India," was published in the book Global Forensic Cultures: Making Fact and Justice in the Modern Era in April.

  • In March, Mitra Sharafi gave a talk on her paper, "Truth, Adversarialism and Forensic Experts in the Indian Courtroom, 1879-1955," for Emory Law School's Spring 2019 Faculty Colloquium Series. The paper will become a chapter of her book project, "Fear of the False: Forensic Science in Colonial India."

  • Mitra Sharafi presented "Abortion in South Asia, 1860-1947: A Medico-Legal History" at Stanford Law School in February. The talk was co-sponsored by the Stanford Center for Law and History, the Department of History, and Center for South Asia.

  • Mitra Sharafi
 received the 2019 Postdoctoral Mentoring Award from the UW Postdoctoral Association
 in January. Elizabeth Lhost, the A. W. Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow at the UW Institute for Research in the Humanities, nominated Sharafi for the award.

  • Tonya Brito and Mitra Sharafi were elected to the board of trustees of the Law and Society Association. As members of the LSA Trustee Class of 2021, they will serve a three-year term on the board.

  • Mitra Sharafi presented "Forensic Experts in Colonial India: Handwriting Analysis as a Suspect Science" at the Legal History Forum at Yale Law School in December. The paper is a draft chapter from Sharafi's book project, "Fear of the False: Forensic Science in Colonial India."

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